DATESETTING STUPIDITY

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I personally DO NOT believe in DATE SETTING, everyone should be aware that the day and hour of Jesus' Return is UNKNOWN to ALL BUT THE FATHER GOD. So BE PREPARED IN YOUR HEART FOR that return WHENEVER IT COMES!

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Tuesday, May 31, 2011

The End of the 1260 Years- The Two Witnesses Slain in the French Revolution.



The End of the 1260 Years.


The Two Witnesses Slain in the French Revolution.
Chapter 8


The Interval of the Trumpets, Part II










11:3 And I will give power to my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth.
 
1260 Days:
 
 The duration of the 1260 prophetic day-years is limited to the period marked by prophecy in sackcloth, which condition should end at the terminus. See verse 7 below.
 
11:4 These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the whole earth.
 
Two Olive trees:
 
Although their function is the same as the two olive trees in Zechariah 4:3, that is, to provide the fuel and the light of understanding for the rest of God's people to move forward on, they do not represent the same persons. Joshua the High priest and Zerubbabel are meant in Zechariah but not here.
 
 
11:5 If any many will hurt them fire proceeds out of their mouth, and devours their enemies; and if any man will hurt them, he must be killed in this manner.
 
11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy; and have power over waters to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with all plagues as often as they will.
 
The Old and New Testaments.
 
No two individuals could accomplish these events which are taken from the Bible. The Bible itself must be meant by the witnesses.
 
The Old and New Testaments.
 
 
The beast:
 
This beast is Satan as in Chapter 12. He empowers the other beasts that are introduced in chapter 13. However as Satan he is distinct from them. The figure will be fulfilled as Satan in human government and will show up again as the dragon beast in 16:13.
 
 The Dragon Beast is Satan in human godless government as seen in Chapter 12.
 
Finish their testimony:
 
 The completion of their testimony also completes the 1260 years. This is an important clue! The end of the 1260 years is marked by this symbol. If we can identify the witnesses and the event which is symbolized by their being publicly killed and humiliated for three years and one half we can then pin point the end of the 1260 years. We can therefore reverse and date the beginning of the 1260 years if we can identify the terminus.
 
 
If the terminus is the era of the French Revolution as we propose in 1793 then just such an event which gave secular power to the Papacy did take place. See the decrees of Justinian in the chapter on the 1260 Synchronical Years for a copy of the decrees that were made at that time, i.e. the year 533.
 
 
11:8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified.
 
 
Spiritually called:
 
 Not Jerusalem therefore but a city well known for sex sin and the sins of Egypt as well as being guilty of publicly and officially putting Jesus and his witnesses to shame.
 
 
11:9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three and one half days, and shall not allow their dead bodies to be put in a grave.
 
Three and one half days: or three and one half years in the fulfillment.
 
11:10 And they that dwell on the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and send gifts, to one another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelled in the earth.
 
11:11 And after three and one half days the spirit of life from God entered into them and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on them which saw them.
 
11:12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying to them, Come up here. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud, and their enemies beheld them.
 
 
Ascended up to heaven:
 
 They have divine protection from that point onward.
 
11:13 And the same hour there was a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and seven thousand men were slain in the earthquake, and the remnant were frightened, and gave glory to the God of heaven.
 
Earthquake: The city mentioned above is to experience a revolution at the same time as the humiliation and resurrection of the witnesses.
 
11:14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe comes quickly.
 
The second woe:
 
 The second woe has been found to refer to the Turkish Empire. The decline of the Turkish Empire did not begin with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The events symbolized by the death of the witnesses and the earthquake are therefore coincident with the end of the Turkish threat and the beginning of the events symbolized by the bowls of the third woe which according to this scheme of chronology given here is to be quickly evident at the terminus of the second woe.
 
 
The Interval of the Trumpets:
 
 
The interval contains four figures.
 
Historical interpreters see these events as happening during the Turkish Empire's period of supremacy. The interval and the second woe end with the beginning of the decline of the beast's or Papacy's autocratic power.
 
 
The first symbol in the interval of the little book is seen as beginning in 1520 with the Protestant Reformation when the Bible was again opened among the nations after it had been closed so long. This was the subject of the last chapter.
 
 
The measuring of the temple followed in 11:1-2:
 
 
11:1 And there was given to me a reed like a rod; and the angel stood saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein.
 
2. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not, for it is given to the Gentiles; and they shall tread the holy city under foot forty two months.
 
 
This is fulfilled by the doctrinal perfection that was searched out in the years following the rebirth of the Bible among the common people. The forty two months, or the 1260 years,* are shown to end in the period of the witnesses.
 
This period of measuring naturally follows that of the little book or restored Bible and just as naturally precedes the end of the 1260 years, since the woman of chapter 12, the true church, is to come out of the wilderness of obscurity then (Rev. 12:6,14).
 
The preparation of doctrinal precision preceded the emergence of national movements to restore the New Testament church, rather than reform it, in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
* See Chapter 14, "1260 Synchronical Years."
The Vision of the Two Witnesses

The vision of the two witnesses in Rev. 11:3-14 pictures God's two witnesses, which are understood to be the two testaments, as being slain in a city, where their dead bodies are publicly humiliated for three and one half prophetic years. This is done in a city that is known for sex sin and occult spiritualism.
 
 
It is coincident with a revolution in which a great many people die. This is followed immediately by the sounding of the seventh trumpet, and the bowls are then poured out. The bowls, which indicate the decline and end of Papal power, are to begin in the same season as the earthquake, or revolution, which happens at the same time as the incident of the slaying of the two witnesses. Notice the very important fact in the text above that this event is coincident with the end of the 1260 prophetic day-years.*
* See Chapter 14, "1260 Synchronical Years" for an explanation of what events synchronize with the duration and end of the 1260 years. The end of the despotic aspect of the reign of the beast is one important event that synchronizes here. Consequently, the pouring out of the bowls begins at the same time.
Historical interpreters see this fulfilled in the French Revolution, when the Bible was actually outlawed by the constituted government in Paris.

The effects of the French Revolution were not limited to Paris, although that is the stage upon which they were initially and so dramatically acted out. The effects of the French Revolution continued on in Europe until the order, or the ancien regime, finally passed almost completely, by 1848. Other revolutions followed the French Revolution, in Germany, Belgium, Italy, and Poland, in 1830. 1848 was the culminating year of this season of revolutions all over Europe, which were the ripened fruit of the French Revolution.

The anti-clericalism in the revolution arose early and was not necessarily atheistic at first, but was a part of reforming ideals. The clergy was deposed from positions of authority, lands were confiscated, and the clergy was nationalized. The church which had been made a "Constitutional Church," lost the few duties reserved to it; i.e. they no longer recorded births, baptisms, or deaths, and marriages were no longer reserved to it, and divorce was legalized. This movement was called de-christianization -- not yet anti-christian.
"In October 1793, the Convention adopted a new calendar, with Nature's cycle, pagan gods and botanical specimens, in place of Christian martyrs; Christmas became dog day and All Saints was dedicated to the goats-beard herb."*
* McManners, John; Lectures in European History, 1789-1914; Oxford, 1977. pg. 64.
The French Revolution was accompanied by atheistic excesses, not just anti-clericalism. Secularization followed and by 1793 the revolution turned anti-christian. A description of the period follows:
"In November 1793, atheism reached its zenith, with its mockery of the rites of the church. On the tenth of November the commissioners of the Convention dressed up an ass in sacerdotal habit, and loaded it with the symbols of Christianity, and tied the Old and New Testaments to its tail.


It was then led in mock procession by two sansculottes bearing a sacred cup, out of which they gave the animal sacramental wine to drink. Arriving at their destination, the crowd piled books of devotion into heaps, and burned them to ashes amid blasphemous shouts. A prostitute was enthroned as the Goddess of Reason, and received adoration from the National Convention..." *
* Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers; pgs. 738, 739
The official anti-christian secular atheistic government is called a dragon beast in Revelation 12:3-6. There the devil is pictured as being in the Roman Empire and persecuting the church. The same beast arose against faith in God at this time, and excesses abounded which resulted in legally suppressing religious expression of any kind. This actually is mentioned in the vision:


11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascends out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them and kill them.
 
 
The laws banning religious exercise, passed by the Convention on November 24, 1793, were preceded by anti-christian exercises in the city and the Convention. Another description of these same events, which led to the legal banning of the Bible, is valuable to show the official nature of the opposition to all religion.
"On November 10, incited by the Commune,... the rabble of the Paris Sections held a "Festival of Reason" within the precincts of Notre Dame. The cathedral was stripped of its religious embellishments and a Greek temple made of cardboard was constructed in the nave. An actress from the opera impersonated the Goddess of Reason, while the crowd sang the "Ca Ira" as she was enthroned. ...The Constitutional Bishop of Paris, had been ordered by the Hebertists to publicly abjure the Catholic faith... The Bishop obediently presented himself before the Convention, and casting aside the insignia of his office, declared that there should be no other worship in France but that of Liberty and Equality.


"Bishop Gobel's abjurance and the so-called Festival of Reason were signals for an outbreak of Blasphemous scenes... Mercier, a witness described, "the infuriated populace [were] dancing before the sanctuary and howling the Carmagnole. The men wore no breeches; the necks and busts of the women were bare. In the darkness of the sacristy they indulged their abominable desires...

" One such group appeared before the Convention to demand that worship of Virtue be substituted for that of "that Jew slave" and his mother "the adulteress of Galilee"... Clootz declared, "a religious man is a depraved beast"*
* Loomis, Stanley; Paris in the Terror; Pub. Drum Books, N.Y. 1964. pg.279.
Excited by these demonstrations and the spirit of the members themselves, the Convention outlawed the Bible and any expression of the Christian religion under penalty of death.
"Thus on the third of Frimaire of the year II (Nov 24, 1793) the Paris commune passed the following resolutions: "Whereas the people of Paris has declared that it will recognise no other religion than that of Truth and Reason the Council General of the Commune orders:

1. That all churches and temples of whatever religion or sect has existed in Paris shall immediately be closed.

2. That all priests or ministers of whatever religion shall be held personally and individually responsible for all disturbances of which cause shall precede from religious opinions.

3. That whosoever shall demand that either church or temple shall be opened shall be arrested as a suspect."*
* Prophetic Faith; op. cit. pg. 739.
It was the first time in the annals of mankind that a great nation had thrown off all religious principles and openly defied the power of heaven.

The political situation deteriorated and at the end of the period of time required by the prophecy, the three and one half years of humiliation, the politicians sought the reintroduction of religion. Religious freedom came first.
 
The Papacy would also be reintroduced into the French churches by 1801 in the Concordat with Napoleon but religious freedom came back in 1797. At that same time, in the summer of 1797, Napoleon wrote, "Our religious revolution is a failure."* He determined he would not try to "export" even the anti-clericalism, much less the atheism of the revolution to the nations he intended to reorganize. Napoleon was cynical about religion but he saw the political expediencies of supporting religion and the futility of suppressing it. At the same time in the summer of 1797 he wrote, "Society cannot exist... without religion.
 
The people have to have a religion; this religion must be in the control of the government."** He means that it is not to be controlled by a foreign power, the Papacy. Three and a half years after the official laws were passed against all religion, early in 1797, the revolutionary laws were abolished.***
McManners, John; op.cit. pg. 70.
** McManners, John; ibid. pg. 69
*** Duray, Victor; A Short History of France; E.P. Dutton, London, 1918, pg. 364.
Three and one half years after religion had been outlawed, the government officially reinstated religion and the Bible. The Bible was therefore exalted and, according to this prophecy, would have divine protection, meaning no government would ever outlaw it again. The church would be persecuted and the Bible worked against, but there would never be a time that the Bible would be outlawed by a legally constituted government again.

The French Revolution and its beginnings in anti-clericalism that extended to being anti-God is well pictured in these two visions, which are said to occur at the "same hour" and be quickly followed by the beginning of the pouring out of the bowls.


The figure fits the French Revolution. It is an earthquake of the proportions which are required by the scope of the prophecy, as the subsequent history shows, so that the whole of Europe and the world were affected socially, economically, legally, governmentally, religiously, ethically, politically, and philosophically.
 
It did change the old order in Europe which would never be the same again. It is coincident with the slaying of the witnesses of God and their resurrection in a city known for occult and sex sins.
 
 
Sodomy is a sin the historians frequently mention in relation to the principal actors in these scenes and the sin is still a synonym of Paris -- Gay Paris. The Reign of Terror, in which many innocents died, is known by the whole world as an excess related to all these facts in the City of Paris. And finally, the Papacy did receive the first blows to its despotic, arbitrary, autocratic power in, and immediately after, the French Revolution.
 
 
The end of the second woe, at this point, also means that these predictions show that the Turkish woe is now over and the Papacy is in decline from this time.

The Papacy would never again climb to the position of supremacy over kings that it once held, although it will make one last attempt to regain the temporal power in the future in the alliance pictured under the Armageddon symbol. Anyone living and knowing this prophecy in 1800, and watching the signs of the times, would have been able to predict the major elements of future history from this point if he had been able to fix the sounding of the seventh trumpet at the time of the French Revolution.

This is the subject of the next chapter.

Monday, May 30, 2011

The Little Book: The Events of the Interlude of the Trumpets.



The Little Book.

The Events of the Interlude of the Trumpets.


Chapter 7

The Rebirth of The Bible and the Political Consequences in Europe.


10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven clothed with a cloud; and a rainbow was on his head, and his face was like the sun, and his feet like pillars of fire.
 
2. And he had in his hand a little book open; and he set his right foot on the sea and his left foot on the earth;
 
3. And cried with a loud voice, like a lion roars; and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices;
 
4. And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write, and I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.
 
5. And the angel which I saw stand on the sea and the earth lifted up his hand to heaven,
 
 6. And swore by him that lives forever and ever, who created heaven and the things that are there, and the earth and the things that are there, that there should be time no longer.
 
 7. But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished as he has declared to his servants the prophets.
 
 8. And the voice which I heard from heaven spoke to me again and said, Go, take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the sea and on the earth.
 
9. And I went to the angel and said to him, Give me the little book. And he said to me, Take it and eat it up; and it shall make your belly bitter, but it shall be in your mouth sweet as honey.
 
10. And I took the little book out of the angel's hand and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey, and as soon as I had eaten it my belly was bitter.
 
11. And he said to me, You must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.
 
 
The Vision of the Little Book is Designed to Take Place During the Sixth Trumpet -- The Second Woe Trumpet
 
 
The Turkish threat to Europe did not end with the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The threat of invasion and conquest remained in Europe almost to the beginning of the nineteenth century. Hungary fell to the Turks in the spring of 1526 and the Turks then threatened to invade Austria and Germany. * Luther wrote his essay, On War Against the Turks,** in 1529 in which he describes the continuing threat.
 
This condition existed in Europe, off and on, till the end of the eighteenth century. The threat of invasion ended just after the time of the French Revolution, when the Turkish Empire began to lose its internal control of its own possessions. From that time, the Turks were no longer occupied with expansion of territory but with the problems of keeping together their tottering imperial holdings.
 
 From the mid-nineteenth century, European nations actually fought each other to protect the Turkish Empire from a take-over by one or another of them, in order to keep the balance of power.*
* Tappert, Theodore G, editor; Selected Writings of Martin Luther in four Volumes; Pub. Fortress Press, Philadelphia, 1967. Vol. 3 pg. 476 n.
** Tappert, Theodore G.; ibid. Vol. 4, pgs. 9 - 53.
***Schevill, Ferdinand; A History of Europe from the Reformation to the Present Day; Harcourt, Brace and Co, New York, 1946.
For a discussion of British foreign policy of supporting the Turks against Russia, which led to the Crimean War, (1854-1856), see pages 528-530 and chapter 30 "The Russian and the Ottoman Empires from the Congress of Vienna (1815) to the Outbreak of World War I;" pgs. 604-631.
But the Turks were still at the peak of their power in the sixteenth century and this continued in the seventeenth. In 1611, in Vienna, "the Austrian Habsburg family council appointed [a new ruler] Matthaius to rule Hungary and Austria, in hope of saving the eastern frontier from the Turks."*
* Hollings, Mary A.; revised by Gordon, D.K., Europe in Renaissance and Reformation, London, 1934, pg. 198
In 1629, after the peace of Lubec, at the conclusion of northern European wars over church lands and bishoprics, one of the most popular military leaders, Wallenstein, proposed leading a crusade against the Turks.*
* Ibid. pgs. 203, 204.
In the midst of another war, in the series of seemingly endless European "religious" wars,* in 1672 "the Turks had just laid siege to Vienna."** A little later, European politicians continued the policy of intrigue and war among their emerging national groups, so the Turks continued assaulting the back door. Leopold, the Holy Roman Emperor, was involved in dismembering Spain in 1687 at the same time that he was at war with the Turks.***
*Religious wars were truly seemingly endless "Disaster for Europe began in 1610, when Henri IV of France was assassinated by a lunatic who deemed him insufficiently Catholic.
 In 1618 the Thirty Years' War started in Germany with Bohemia's defiance of the emperor. The rapid defeat of the Bohemian king in the Battle of the White Mountain by the emperor and the League of Catholic Princes made grimly clear to the German Protestant north that it would have to fight a long and costly conflict if it was not to be totally subdued by Emperor Ferdinand II, whose avowed goal was to eradicate the new faith.
 
 In 1621 the long truce between Spain and the Netherlands expired, and Philip III's minister Lerma went enthusiastically back to a savage, expensive and fruitless war. The horror that settled over Europe was unequalled by anything since the fall of the Roman Empire, and the nightmare was intensified by a plague of superstition that caused the burning of a million witches."
 
From the book Richelieu by Louis Auchincloss
** Robinson, James Harvey; History of Western Europe; Ginn, 1934, pg. 527
** Ashley, Maurice; The Glorious Revolution of 1688; First published Hodder & Stoughton, Ltd., London, 1966; Panther edition pub. 1968, pg. 120.
The continuation of Turkish power into and through the eighteenth century, although not at the strength it achieved in the sixteenth century, was marked by similar conditions of waning influence and resurgent strength.

As late as 1801 Turkey was able to rout Napoleon from Egypt and restore that country to the Turkish Empire, even though Napoleon had allied himself with the Czar. However, not long after (actually by 1810), Turkey began to permanently lose provinces from her empire. Her long decline from the position of a world power had begun.*
* For a more extensive look at the Turks, just previous to, and during the Napoleonic period see: Herold, Christopher; The Age of Napoleon; American Heritage, 1963, Dell edition, 1965, pgs. 286-292.
The Bible Became a Political Force As a Result of the Turkish Conquests

The Protestant Reformation, beginning in 1520, took place and grew in a European continent still under the Turkish threat. Ironically, the renaissance of learning and the coincident reformation were a direct result of the fifteenth century advance of the Turks, and finally the fall of Constantinople to them in 1453.
 
 The libraries of the Greeks were moved by eastern monks and the clerics of eastern churches to the safe haven of Europe as the Turks advanced across the remaining part of Byzantine Asia Minor. The trickle of old manuscripts to the West became a flood when the Turks laid siege and finally destroyed the civilization of Constantinople to replace it with their own. The access to hitherto unknown multitudes of ancient Biblical texts created first a flurry and then a storm of intellectual activity.
 
The manuscripts of the Greek philosophers, which had been preserved in the East, but were unknown to the western Europeans, were read again and the glory of the old world created a rebirth in learning in philosophy, law, science, and art, that we call the Renaissance. Protestantism and humanism were born of this activity. Schevill gives this account of these same events:
"...a number of scholars from the Greek east had been drawn to Italy as teachers; and in the first half of the fifteenth century these scattered forerunners were followed by a voluntary influx, due to the gradual conquest of the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks.

When, in 1453, Constantinople, the Greek capital, itself fell before the Asiatic onslaught, still greater numbers of scholars turned their footsteps toward Italy, taking with them as their most precious possession such books and art treasures as they succeeded in saving from the wreck of their world. In this way the treasure house of Greek literature, immeasurably richer than that of Rome, was again made accessible to the western seeker after knowledge;"*
*Schevill, Ferdinand; op. cit. pg. 35.
Almost immediately the Bible was reborn in society. Erasmus, of whom it was said. "Erasmus laid the egg and Luther hatched it," is also called the prince of humanists. He made possible the Protestant Revolt but he did not join it. Of his major contributions to the Christian religion Schevill says:
"Erasmus's most important contribution to Christian, as distinct from classical, scholarship was the publication of the New Testament in Greek, accompanied by a new Latin translation of his own. In this work he exposed the numerous errors of the [old] Latin version of the New Testament which the church had stamped with its approval and incorporated in the official version of the Bible called the Vulgate."*
* Scheville, Ferdinand; ibid. pg. 97.
It was Erasmus's Greek Text that provided the basis for the multitude of translations that followed shortly in the languages of Europe. Translations were made in French and German, in 1522 and in English in 1525, and in Italian in 1532. These were followed by a host of others in many languages which gave rise to a new era of freedom of thought. The multiplying of Bible versions has continued unabated until this day.
 
 The rebirth of learning and the renewal of the Bible as a part of daily life were the intellectual realities of the period. You could no more understand the political developments of the next three hundred years in Europe without the Bible, than you could understand the politics of the Middle Ages without the Pope!
Medieval European society was going to change as a result of the opening of the Bible, but not without a struggle.
 
The structure of medieval European society was developed as a continuous ascending pyramid of vassals and lords with an exploited, and often abused, peasantry at the base and with the emperor who was crowned by the Pope at the pinnacle. The peasantry, called serfs, were often little more than chattel, who were bought and sold with the land. This "feudalism" as it was called would change gradually and finally receive its death blow in Europe through the thinkers of "the Age of Reason," whose democratic ideals brought on the French Revolution of 1789.
 
That revolutionary thinking developed in a direct line from Protestant reactionary thought against the autocratic power of the Papacy. At that time, in 1520, a revolution in thought had taken place in Protestant lands. That thought was derived from the rebirth of the Bible in the minds of all men, no longer just in the hands and minds of clerics. Thanks to the newly invented printing press everyone in every village and town knew what Bible principle the reformers were arguing about this month.
 
 
Protestantism Should Have Been the Harbinger of Individual Freedom But It Was Not
 








 
 
Thus, the first blow to be struck against the arbitrary rule of the clerics and aristocrats who were in the ruling class should have been the Protestant Reformation with the ideals that Luther appealed to for himself.
 
Among those are: that a man must live by the dictates of his conscience; and the doctrine of justification by faith; and the doctrine of the freedom of the will. Why this did not happen is in both the historical record and the symbol of the period in Revelation.
 
 
The Symbol of the Little Book Matches this History
 
 
The symbol in Revelation that pictures this period includes all these mixed events. The little book which is to prophesy again is obviously the Bible. It came to life again during the second woe, or Turkish woe trumpet. This symbol of the little book makes its advancement under that sixth trumpet. Historically we have shown that this is exactly what happened.
 
The other symbols which follow it indicate prophetically that historical periods, of a religious nature, would come after the rebirth of the Bible before the end of the second or Turkish woe trumpet, which is in accordance with actual history.
 
 
In the symbol of the little book, a scene that appears with the angel standing with the book in his hand shows that a long period of time has ended. The angel swears that there should be time no longer! That the end of the world is not indicated is seen in verse 7, where, lest you not understand that the vision points to some event that ends the time of a long condition, we are reminded that the end of all things is reserved for the seventh trumpet and this is only the sixth.
 
Thus it cannot be the end of the world. It is the end of the muted prophecy of the little book. It comes alive to prophesy again, not everywhere to be sure. It is at the time of this symbol (the 1500's) still "prophesying in sackcloth" in those nations allied to the Papacy; but in Protestant lands from 1520 the book was open.
If the Bible was still prophesying in sackcloth, then the 1260 years had not yet ended.
 
The symbol that ends the 1260 years begins in Rev. 11:3. They will end at the same time as the second woe. That means that the symbol of the little book which is the Protestant Reformation did not end or even begin the end of the Papal autocratic power. That power would not receive its first blow until the first bowl is poured out in Chapter 16.
 
 
Historically this is true. In Protestant lands there would be a swifter (but not immediate) arrival of freedom and dignity being recognized as a right for all individuals regardless of economic or other class distinction than there would be in those nations allied to the Papacy.
 
 In those lands allied with the Papacy, autocratic power, and supreme unquestioned authority, over the souls and bodies of men would not begin to end until the French Revolution. One of the most merciless exhibitions of possessing and using that power by the Papacy was the infamous Inquisition.
 
The Inquisition was started in the fourteenth century and its inquisitors used torture to bring men to obedience to the Papal authority. It was revived again at the very time we are discussing and continued for centuries! It was used as a counter reformation tool. Although it would have "finished" written on it by 1800, its restoration was attempted as a political tool in Spain in 1810. The authority of the beast did not begin to end at the Protestant Reformation.
 
 
John was told to eat the little book which was sweet as honey in his mouth, but when it reached his stomach it became bitter. This is a picture of the euphoric reception of the scriptures by the masses of northern Europeans that accompanied the beginnings of the Protestant period, but that euphoria would turn to bitterness almost immediately.
 
 
Many groups formed to take advantage of the new liberty and rebelled against the overlords. Incredibly, Martin Luther opposed them and set the cause of freedom back by his opposition to changing the feudal order. He supported the Imperial system on the basis of the scriptures that say that kings, or powers that be, are ordained of God, and whoever resists the power resists God. In the Peasants' Revolt in Germany, the peasants, through their charismatic Christian leaders, attempted to establish communities and to control their own lives and land.
 
The appeal of the peasants in The Twelve Articles* which they issued contains demands that most civilized nations now accept as ordinary rights of all men everywhere. Not so Martin Luther; he condemned their rebellion as anti-God, and since they would not follow the scripture in submitting to the powers that be, they would be damned if they died in battle. On the other hand Luther took the most incredible position that the lords would be saved by their very act of killing the rebels because they were doing their God given-duty!**
 
 In the passage that follows Luther is defending the harsh attack that he had made on the peasants before the revolt and he rebukes the people who now urged clemency to the peasants who were still being slaughtered even though they had been defeated and had surrendered.
* Tappert, Theodore G.; op. cit. pgs. 308-316.
**Tappert, Theodore G.; op. cit. pgs. 353, 354. In this essay, Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants; Luther makes some of the most extreme statements on war and slaughter that even the stoutest hearts must cringe.
"If they think this answer is too harsh, and that this is talking violence and only shutting men's mouths, I reply, 'That is right.' A rebel is not worth rational arguments, for he does not accept them. You have to answer people like that with a fist, until the blood drips off their noses.

The peasants would not listen; they would not let anyone [he means himself] tell them anything, so their ears must now be unbuttoned with musket balls till their heads jump off their shoulders. Such pupils need such a rod. He who will not hear God's word when it is spoken in kindness, must listen to the headsman when he comes with his axe.

If anyone thinks that I am being uncharitable or unmerciful about this, my reply is: This is not a question of mercy; we are talking about God's word. It is God's will that the king be honored and the rebels destroyed; and He is as merciful as we are."*
* Tappert, Theodore G.; op. cit. Vol. 3, pgs 365, 366.
Ironically the same emperor whom Luther would support as ordained of God to put down the peasant revolt would install the inquisition to clean out by torture and murder Protestant adherents in Spain and Holland. Wells says this same emperor, Charles V, called on the grand inquisitor when Protestant teaching was discovered close to his own city.
"Tell the grand inquisitor to lay the axe at the root of the evil before it spreads any further." [He recommended as an example his own mode of proceeding in the Netherlands,] "where all who remained obstinate in their errors were burned alive, and those who were admitted to penance were beheaded."*
* Wells H.G.; The Outline of History; Garden City Pub. New York; 1950; pg. 764
Ironically, Luther, who should have been the champion of individual rights, set the cause of Protestant freedom back literally hundreds of years and he imposed on the German people the "iron fist" method of discipline and the unthinking obedience to government authority that has molded many a German family* as well as the German nation, including the Third Reich.
 
This is not to discount the immense good that Luther contributed to faith and morals in opposing wrong when he saw it and releasing the scriptures to the European nations. But he has to have been mistaken in his dealings with the peasants. Even the Catholic rulers used Luther's tract, Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants to justify their own slaughter of the peasants whom they had defeated. God knew he would be mistaken in this area; He said, "it shall make your belly bitter."*
*Of whom this writer is one.
Beside the Peasants' Revolt in which over 100,000 peasants were slaughtered, the new thinking of the open Bible would be the cause of political unrest (not yet revolutionary but continuous) that would be the cause of seemingly endless wars and disputes in a mixed Protestant-Catholic feudal order until the old order that Luther thought was God-ordained passed.

You see, God had not crowned the emperor, the Pope had crowned the emperor.* The symbol in Revelation says the little book would be sweet in the mouth but when it was digested it would make the belly bitter. Known unto God are all his works from the beginning of the world.
* Emperor Charles V of Spain was made emperor by the seven electors in 1519. He had himself crowned by the Pope with great pomp at Bologna, Italy, in February 1530 to validate with this final touch his claim to the medieval position of Holy Roman Emperor.

Sunday, May 29, 2011

The Sixth Trumpet- The Rise and Duration of the Turkish Empire







The Sixth Trumpet

The Rise and Duration of the Turkish Empire
 
Chapter 6
 
9:13 And the sixth angel sounded and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, 9:14 Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.
 
 
 
 
Verse 12 identifies the fifth as the first and the sixth trumpet as the second woe trumpet. 9:12 The first woe is past, behold, There are two woes yet to come. This then is the second woe.
 
 
Which are bound in Euphrates: The four angels bring a "plague ," their source is plain. They are beyond the Euphrates by which they have been bounded until the moment of loosing.
 
 
9:15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, to slay the third part of men. 9:16 And the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred thousand thousand; and I heard the number of them.
 
 
The third part of men: This completes the three thirds begun with the first four trumpets. An hour, a day, a month, and a year: Using the day year principle the time from their loosing until the final third falls is 397 years
.
Two hundred million horsemen! Only the Turkish Empire could fulfill this figure in history. If the 300 years of Crusaders could speak, they would say this accurately pictures what they faced.
 
 
9:17 And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and of brimstone; and the heads of the horses [were] like the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke, and brimstone.
 
9:18 By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths.
 
9:19 For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails, for their tails were like serpents, and had heads and with them they hurt
 
 9:20 And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues still repented not of the works of their hands,that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood, which can neither see, nor hear, nor walk;
 
 
Fire, smoke, and brimstone: Literal, destructive, explosive force.
 
The third part of men: The same figure is repeated to emphasize the completion of the cycle of thirds begun with the trumpets.
 
The rest of the men: The description of these sins is seen by most Protestant historical interpreters to prefigure the corrupt religious practices, adopted from the Babylonian, pagan, religions, in Western Christianity, fostered by the Papal system. In spite of the fall of the Eastern churches, they did not repent.
 
9:21 Neither did they repent of their murders, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.
 
Take note that the second woe is not past here even though the description of the sixth trumpet is complete here. The announcement of the end of the second woe is in 11:14. This will be explained in the text.
 
Historical Analysis
 
The Turkish Empire, in the ninth and tenth centuries, arose first in Central Asia, then subjugated Persia, followed by Iraq, to its power. They extended their empire in all former Moslem Arab dominions as well as much of Christian Asia Minor before the end of the eleventh century.
 
By 1500 they had extended their dominions to the Austrian border to include all the Balkans -- Bulgaria, Rumania, Moldavia, Greece, etc.
 
The facts of the history of the rise of the Turks are well known, having been recorded with precision by Gibbon in his Decline and Fall of The Roman Empire. The Turks, originally from central Asia, made inroads into the Persian dominions as early as the tenth century.
 
The Arab Caliph, located at Baghdad, according to Wells had become, "a mere creature of his Turkish palace Guards."* The Turks had most of the dominions east of the Euphrates under their control by the eleventh century and seemingly were restrained there. The Euphrates was no barrier to them but they did not cross it for further conquests, until the mid eleventh century. Gibbon gives us the outline of the crossing of the Euphrates.
* Wells, H.G. The Outline of History; Pub. first 1920, Garden City Publishing Company, pg. 636. This is a popular history and has enjoyed scores of reprinted editions.
"Togrul, the conqueror of the east...was invested in 1055 as the temporal lieutenant of the vicar of the prophet,- [the Caliph at Baghdad. Then proceeding to cross the Euphrates,] after the death of Basil,* his successors [the emperors at Constantinople] were assaulted by an unknown race of barbarians, who united the Scythian valor with the fanaticism of new proselytes...The myriads of Turkish horse overspread a frontier of 600 miles... and the blood of one hundred and thirty thousand Christians was a grateful sacrifice to the Arabian prophet. Yet the arms of Togrul did not make a deep or lasting impression on the Greek empire."**
*Gibbon, Edward; The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Six Volumes; Bigelow & Co. New York, no date. The text says 25 years after. This is a mistake.
 
If Basil died in 1025 as reported earlier by Gibbon, either Gibbon is mistaken, or both he and the editor, or the latter who has placed 1050 (25 years after Basil's death) in the margin as the date of Togrul's crossing the Euphrates bent on conquest. Togrul did not set out on Western invasions until he was invested by the Caliph of Baghdad in 1055.
** Ibid. Vol 5, pgs. 674-675.
If Togrul was invested as the military arm of the Caliph in 1055, then it would be the following year, 1056 that he led his troops across the Euphrates for the first time into the lands of the remaining emperors of the last vestige of the Roman Empire.
 
 One third of the empire had fallen to the western barbarians, one third to the Arabian Moslems, and now one third, the last, would fall to the Turks--but it would take almost 400 years. It reaches exactly to the year that the prophecy predicted, that these "hordes of horseman" -- for so both the prophecy and historians describe them, were prepared for--397 years; 397 plus 1056 is 1453, the year of the fall of Constantinople, or the Fall of the Roman Empire in the East.
 
The invasion under Togrul would be the first of many by different groups of Turks.
 
 
H.G. Wells, well known through his book Outline of History, was also a humanist philosopher. Another of his books, War of the Worlds, which was made into a motion picture, is representative of his evolutionary views on the salvation of man-kind through scientific advancement.
 
His agnostic non-christian stance is well known. He could not be accused of trying to support the Christian religion, but he does service in his description of the rise of the Turks by supplying information that matches the figures under the sixth trumpet. The four angels bound in Euphrates indicate several groups of invaders poised at the Euphrates, not one group. And so Wells describes the same invasion as above from a different perspective:
"But this direct thrust of the Turkish people against Christendom to the north of the Black sea, was in the end, not nearly so important as their indirect thrust south of it through the empire of the Caliph. We cannot deal here with the tribes and dissensions of the Turkish people of Turkestan, nor with the particular causes that brought to the fore the tribes under the rule of the Seljuk clan. In the eleventh century these Seljuk Turks broke with irresistible force, not in one army, but in a group of armies under two brothers, into the decaying fragments of the Moslem [Arab] Empire."*
*Wells, H.G.; op. cit. pg. 636.
Wells gives us a picture of the Turks as coming in groups and at the right time. He says it was in the eleventh century. Gibbon and Wells have shown that the loosing of the Turkish hordes into the Arabian Moslem Empire and into the last remaining vestige of the Roman Empire in Asia Minor took place in 1056, or mid-eleventh century. Wells makes a statement that supports the prophetic description of their having been bound in Euphrates:
"Very early they conquered Armenia from the Greeks, and then, breaking the bounds that had restrained the power of Islam for four centuries, they swept on to the conquest of Asia minor, almost to the gates of Constantinople."*
* Ibid.
Wells then describes their long rise to power, winning victory after victory against the western powers as well as winning the majority of battles in the Crusades launched against the Turks for over 300 years. In the end, in spite of brief possession of the Holy land, the European Crusaders would abandon the Crusades and Jerusalem to the Turks who had become the greatest Empire in the world by the mid fifteenth century. By 1453 they had conquered Constantinople and the last third of the Roman Empire disappeared! How fitting the prophecy:

9:15 And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, to slay the third part of men.
 
 
Not only did they conquer the third part of men in a very real sense to fulfill this prophecy but they fulfilled the time prophecy. This is an extraordinary prophecy which is fulfilled according to the usual method in the prophecies. A day in prophecy equals a year in the fulfillment. A day and an hour, and a month and a year is the time. A year, (as the time is past Julius Caesar), equals 365. The month is 30, the day is one, and the hour is part of a year. Add them and you have to progress into the 397th year of the time element in this prophecy.
 
 
From the year of the Turks' crossing of the Euphrates, where they had been bound for more than 100 years, to the crown of their conquests at the fall of Constantinople, we know, is precisely 397 years! Is this a coincidence? It is an absolutely astounding result of fulfilled prophecy. Let the reader check the sources and then give glory to the God of history, who is concerned that those in every age know that He is the master of events!*
* For a fuller and more detailed explanation of this prophecy and how it fits the Turks, we recommend that you read Albert Barnes' Notes on Revelation. His discussion of the first use of artillery and gun powder in modern warfare and its figure of "smoke, fire and brimstone" coming from the Euphratean horsemen, is worth the reading. So also the same author on the fifth Trumpet.
The fifth trumpet ended with the announcement:
9:12 The first woe is past, behold, There are two woes yet to come.
 
The Sixth trumpet is the second woe trumpet. The woe does not end at the fall of Constantinople. The time of the 397 years takes us to the zenith of Turkish power, but not to the end of it. There would be further attacks on the West until well into the next century.* The era of the French Revolution, almost 350 years later, marks the obvious beginning of the long decline of the Turkish Empire.
 
One of the first times if not the first,** that the Sultan actually allied himself with a western power was under Napoleon, when the latter offered the Sultan anything he asked for to support him in his war against Austria. During the Napoleonic wars, British ships were chased out of the Dardanelles by the Turks with some British losses.
"Napoleon exulted in Turkey's successes. To the Sultan he wrote: You have asked me for officers, I send them to you. Generals, officers, soldiers, arms of every kind, even money, I place at your disposal. You have only to ask. Ask plainly, and whatever you ask shall be sent, forthwith."***
* For a view of the constancy of the Turkish threat to Europe, read, On War Against the Turks; by Martin Luther, found in Selected Writings of Martin Luther, Vol. 4; Edited by Theodore Tappert; pub. Fortress Press, 1967. This volume contains extensive footnotes listing Turkish invasions of Europe in the sixteenth century.

** There had been mutual defence and agricultural treaties between these states as early as 1529. In fact France had just concluded a war with Turkey when a mutual assistance treaty was signed.

These periods of cooperation existed while the Papal States and other states in Europe were in a perpetual state of enmity against the Turks. In Germany the epithet most scurrilous was, "You are worse than a Turk!"

*** Emerson, Edwin Jr.; A History of the Nineteenth Century Year By Year; in three volumes, P.F. Collier, N.Y. 1902. Vol. 1, pg. 195
At the beginning of this cooperation between France and Turkey, as Russia advanced, Austria showed concern; not concern for Turkish success, but lest the Turks collapse, and the French occupy their place. The same book says: "Austria had reason to feel concerned, for the Ottoman Empire then, as so often after this, seemed on the verge of dissolution."*

The Turkish Empire had not dissolved when these words were written in 1900, but the fears of her decline began at the time of the French Revolution--which therefore marks the end of the second woe.
* Ibid. Vol. 1, pg. 176.
Thus the time of the 397 years ends at the point in time for which they had been prepared, the Fall of Rome in the East. But the sixth trumpet, the Turkish period, lasts longer. Thus the four symbols of the interlude of the sixth trumpet overlap the Turkish period. Note that the second woe is not past until the end of the symbol of the death and resurrection of the two witnesses and the earthquake of chapter eleven:


11:14 The second woe is past; behold, the third woe comes quickly.

Saturday, May 28, 2011

The Fifth Trumpet - The Rise of Islam



The Fifth Trumpet - The Rise of Islam
Chapter 5.
 



When Baghdad Ruled the Muslim World: The Rise and Fall of Islam's Greatest Dynasty

Icon of Evil: Hitler's Mufti and the Rise of Radical Islam

Inside Islam (History Channel)

Crescent and Cross : Rise of Islam and Age of Crusades
The Rise of Islam (Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Medieval World)


9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven to the earth; and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit.


A Star: as in other places (6:13; 8:10) a star represents spiritual powers, usually false spiritual powers.
 
 
9:2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. 3. And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth; and to them was given power as the scorpions of the earth have power.
 
 
Smoke out of the pit: Smoke out of the pit is a figure of confusion and the source of it is the underworld. Smoke in the air is a figure of confusion in the real of thought. The light is dimmed by the smoke and it is difficult to see clearly. This happens in the implied second one third of the world.
 
 
9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass, neither any green thing, neither any tree, but only those men who have not the seal of God in their foreheads.
 
 
Not hurt: a different scheme than the "four winds" whose intent was destruction.
 
 
Men who have not the seal of God in their foreheads: The commission was to hurt the "unbelievers."
 
 
9:5 And it was given to them that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months; and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion when it strikes a man. 6. And in those days men shall seek death and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. 7. And the shape of the locusts [were] like horses prepared for battle; and on their heads, as it were crowns like gold and their faces were like the faces of men. 8. And they had hair like the hair of women, and their teeth were like [the teeth] of lions. 9. And they had breast plates as it were breast plates of iron;and the sound of their wings [was] like the sound of chariots with many horses running into battle. 10. And they had tails like scorpions, and there were stings in their tails; and their power was to hurt men five months.
 
 
Five Months: The ninth chapter of Daniel is the key to the principle that one day in prophecy is equal to one year in the fulfillment. The duration of the "hurting" portion of this prophecy therefore should be 150 years. The cloud of smoke has no such limitation.
 
 
9:11 And they had a king over them, [who is] the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek he has the name Apollyon. 12. The first woe is past, behold, There are two woes yet to come.
 
 
Two woes yet to come: This continues the clues as to design. Trumpets six and seven are woe trumpets.
 
 
Historical Analysis
 
 
We have seen that one third of the old Mediterranean world or Roman Empire was lost to barbarian invasions. The two thirds of the Roman Empire left were to fall in two separate periods of time. One third of the Empire did actually fall to the Arab conquests following the death of Mohammed in 632. By 732 the Arabs reached their most distant penetration in Europe.
 
It would be another 50 years, or 150 in total when they would reach their zenith and turn from conquest and then hold the territories they had gained, with only little loss until the rise of the Turks.
 
 
In the next section, under the sixth trumpet, we will notice the last part of the Roman Empire symbolized as the "third part of men" completing the fall of the Roman world.
 
 
Thus the first four trumpets are designed to picture a third of the Roman world's fall to the barbarian nations, where the symbols state that they are to affect one third part; the sixth trumpet also affects a third part of men; which means the fifth trumpet ought to also be a blow against the third part, to complete the series.
 
 
A look at the historical maps in the appendix outlining the period will quickly support the second third-part of the Empire falling to the Arabs. The historical facts of the rise of Islam are well known. The symbol here is seemingly obscure, but has some clues to mark the Arab conquests as that pictured here.
 
 
(1) The time is right. After the fall of Rome to the barbarians, the next significant event in history is the rise of Islam under the Arabs. The second third of the Roman world did indeed fall to them. See map number 3 in the appendix.
 
 
(2) The symbol of a star from heaven matches the claim of the prophet to have received his message from heaven, though the source is pictured as the bottomless pit.
 
 This is not to suggest that the Islamic false prophecy is more demonic than any other false doctrine, but to indicate the source of all false teaching. This false teaching has been more far reaching than any other and is very extensive, however.
 
 
It is pictured as smoke that darkens the implied one third part of the world, and of the air, and of the sun, marking the locations of land boundaries, and of ideas, and the source of enlightenment, respectively. This could not be a better picture of this difficult and disturbingly tenacious doctrine. It is a false doctrine, and those under it have great difficulty seeing the light.
 
 
(3) Locusts are a symbol that as a result of Bible study, would lead one to Arabia. The locusts of the ten plagues indicate the locusts came from the direction of Arabia, as in Ex. 10:13, "in the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land all that day, ... and the east wind brought the locusts." The source would be Arabia which is east of Egypt.
 
 
(4) In verse four the command is given to them not to hurt vegetation, but only those not sealed of God. This agrees with their purpose. Before being conquered, nations were given the choice of accepting the new religion of Islam and becoming part of the Islamic commonwealth and enjoying the fruits of the new community being formed, or keeping their traditional religion and paying a heavy tax to the conquerors; or, if the nation would accept neither, the Arabs would wage war and give what terms they desired upon conquest.
 
 
This cry of "Islam, the tribute, or the sword," and their behavior agrees with the command not to destroy the grass or green thing or tree if they did not have to.
 
 
(5) The enemy of those who came out of the smoke is said to be those not sealed of God. And so those who arose as proponents of the new religion of Islam, that is, those who came out of the smoke, or the Mohammedans, went forth to slay the infidel and idolater, agreeing with the figure in verse four. From their standpoint any person not accepting the message of Allah was an unbeliever. Also from the point of view of many, Roman Christianity was idolatrous, with its superstitions, statues that moved, and other artifices.
 
 
(6) The duration of their torment is given as five months or five times thirty days or one hundred and fifty prophetic day-years. It is noted by many that from the rise of Islam in Arabia in 622 until the founding of Baghdad when the Islamic commonwealth settled down from its life of conquest is 150 years.
 
 
 From that time when they began to develop science and arts, the Mohammedan Arabs would occupy their third of the world until a new invader would come in the eleventh century and adopt their religion and spread it with the fanaticism of new converts and blot out the remaining one third of the Roman Empire.
 
 
(7) Their leader carries a symbolic name in both Hebrew and Greek, which is said to mean destroyer. What is more significant is that the leader is the messenger of the bottomless pit. He sends a fog or smoke that darkens the light of knowledge and true religion. Islamic nations have been so held in the bondage of this false doctrine for over 1300 years. One cannot preach the gospel in those lands. If one could preach the gospel, there is still the confusion of Islam in the minds of its adherents that darkens the understanding.
 
 
* One would pray that this will soon change; that in those lands, freedom from religious coercion could soon be a fact of life and political freedom might follow. You could barely find another period which would have these same correspondences between these figures and the historical subject.
* The Koran says that Jesus was a true prophet but the teaching of Islam is that Jesus' disciples did not tell the truth about what Jesus said about himself. The Koran says, He was born of a virgin, but He did not rise from the dead; in fact, He was not dead on the cross. His disciples are said to have made up the rest and that the Gospels are corrupt versions of an earlier "true injil."
 
Thus the Muslim is offended when he treats "our prophet" with respect and we do not reciprocate the same level of respect, i.e., that Mohammed is a true prophet on the same level with Jesus. For a fuller understanding of the confusion in Islam, its teachings which intersect with Christianity, and how to prepare yourself to understand and teach a Muslim, we recommend you read, Compendium on Islam; Pub. Alan Ashurst, 60 Kenwood Road, Stretford, Manchester, U.K. 1988.
The nature of Islam has not changed. Its adherents still believe that the faith of Islam can be spread by "jihad" or Holy War.

Coercion has been and still is very much a part of keeping the faithful in line. I am acquainted with several converts to Christianity who have suffered physically from their former co-religionists and relatives for these matters of conscience.

 I personally baptized a convert from Islam in London, who is a university graduate who teaches in a Muslim country in a college of law. If I mentioned his name openly with all certainty his position would be jeopardized, and his life could well be in danger. Islamic groups are currently "evangelizing" among Christian nations.

This same freedom could hardly be reciprocated in the nation which houses Mecca, where freedom of religion is not a civil right.

Surviving Off Off-Grid by Michael Bunker

Michael Bunker’s book was first published from this page in 2009. New chapters were generally added each Thursday.

You can now buy the full book from Amazon here

Introduction

Chapter One

Chapter Two

Chapter Three

Chapter Four

Chapter Five

Chapter Six

Chapter Seven

Chapter Eight

Chapter Nine

Please note that all material is Copyright Michael Bunker 2009 and Not for Syndication